Pierre Lévy, born in the Mediterranean city of Tunis in 1956, is a Canadian media intellectual and professor in the Department of Communications at the University of Ottawa.[1] Lévy is well known for his work on “cyberculture” concepts such as collective intelligence and knowledge-based communities, much of which is detailed in his most popular book Collective Intelligence: Mankind’s Emerging World in Cyberspace (Perseus, 1999). Lévy’s most recent studies center on an Information Economy Meta Language (IEML).[2] According to Lévy’s research program web site, IEML is a “regular language that provides new methods for semantic interoperability, semantic navigation, collective categorization and self-referential collective intelligence,” (Lévy).[3] Digital convergence author Henry Jenkins cites Lévy in his book Convergence Culture as a main scholar of the CI concept. Jenkins uses Lévy’s ideas of CI to describe the spoiler community of the reality show Survivor as an example of a knowledge community, one in which the sum total of information held by the individuals can be accessed by the group.[4] Lévy claims that no one can know everything, but everyone knows something.[5]

License MA, University of Paris – Sorbonne
EHESS (In English: School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences)
Habilitation (PhD) in sciences of information and communication, University of Grenoble

Main publications:
  • La machine univers. La Decouverte, Paris 1987
- In Portugal, Instituto Piaget, Lisboa, 1995
- In Brazil, Artmed, Porto Alegre, 1998

  • Les technologies de l'intelligence. La Découverte, Paris 1990
- In Italy, Ombre Corte, Verona, 2000
- In Portugal, Instituto Piaget, Lisboa, 1993
- In Brazil, Editora 34, Rio, 1993
- In Argentina, Edicial, Buenos Aires, 2000
- In Korea, Chul Hak Kwa Hyun Sil Sa, Séoul, 2000

  • L'idéographie dynamique. Vers une imagination artificielle ?. La Découverte, Paris 1992
- in Portugal, Instituto Piaget, Lisbonne, 1994
- In Brazil, Loyola, São Paulo, 1998

  • De la programmation considérée comme un des beaux-arts. La Découverte, Paris 1992
  • Les arbres de connaissances. Découverte, Paris 1992 (with Michel Authier)
- In Brazil, Escuta, São Paulo, 1995
- In Italy, Feltrinelli, Milan, 2000
- In Portugal, Editions Instituto Piaget, Lisbonne, 1999

  • L'intelligence collective. Pour une anthropologie du cyberespace. La Découverte, Paris 1994
- In Italy, Feltrinelli, Milan, 1996
- In Portugal, Editions Instituto Piaget, Lisbonne,1997
- In Germany, Bollmann Verlag, Mannheim, 1997
- In the USA, Perseus Books, Cambridge Mass., 1999
- In Brazil, Loyola, São Paulo, 1998
- Korea, Moonhak-kwa-jisung-sa, Seoul, 2001

  • Qu'est-ce que le virtuel ?. La Découverte, Paris 1995
- In Brazil, Editora 34, São Paulo, 1996
- In Italy, Cortina Editora, Milano, 1997
- in Spain chez Paidos (Barcelone) en 1997
- In the USA, Plenum Press (NY), 1998
- In Greece, Kritiki Publishing, Athens, 1999
- In Korea, Kungree, Séoul, 2000
- In Japan, Kyoto, 2006.

  • Cyberculture. Editions Jacob, Paris 1997
- In Portugal, Instituto Piaget, Lisboa, 1998
- In Catalogna, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya / Proa, Barcelona, 1998
- In Italy, Feltrinelli, Milano, 1999
- In Brazil, Editora 34, São Paulo, 1999
- In the USA, Minnesota U.P., 2001
- In Chile, Dolmen Ediciones, Santiago de Chile, 2001
- In Korea, Moonye Publishing, Seoul, 2000
- In Czech Republic, Univerzita Karlova v Praze - Nakladatelstvi Karolinum, Praha, 2000

  • World Philosophie (le marché, le cyberespace, la conscience). Editions Jacob, Paris 2000
- In Brazil, Editora 34, São Paulo, 2001
- In Portugal, Instituto Piaget, Lisboa, 2001
- In Korea, Thinking Tree, Seoul, 2003

  • Cyberdémocratie. Essai de philosophie politique. Editions Jacob, Paris 2002
- In Spain, Editorial UOC, Barcelona, 2004
- In Italy, Mimesis Edizioni, Sesto S. Giovanni, 2008

Additional Information
Member of the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies
Canada Research Chair in Collective Intelligence
Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada

External Links
IEML Homepage
University of Ottawa faculty homepage
Pierre Lévy on Twitter

[1] http://www.communication.uottawa.ca/eng/faculty/levy.html
[2] http://www.ieml.org/spip.php?rubrique51&lang=en
[3] http://www.ieml.org/spip.php?article156
[4] Jenkins, Henry, Convergence Culture (New York, London: New York University Press, 2006), p.27.
[5] Lévy, Pierre, Collective Intelligence: Mankind’s Emerging World in Cyberspace (Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus Books, 1997), p.20.