Montage is translated from French to mean “putting together” or “assembly”, which is when you take two separate pieces of any image and combine them into one. Usually it is used to suggest the passage of time and is called the “nerve of cinema”.Typically special effects are used to show this passage of time such as; fades, dissolves, split screen, etc. . . The idea of film as montage came about in the Soviet Union with the help of a man named Sergei Eisenstein. [1] Eisenstein wrote a book, Film Form, and came up with his theory of montage and said that there were five methods that build upon one another to raise the complexity of its meaning.
1. Metric- editing has a specific number of frames, based on nature of time
2. Rhythmic- uses the visual composition of a shot and along with the change in speed, it introduces more complex meaning
3. Tonal- uses the emotional side of images
4. Overtonal/Associational- culmination of the first three for more intense abstract and complication effect
5. Intellectual- elicits intellectual meaning
Eisenstein also came up with another important idea in the area of montage and it’s called juxtaposition. [2] Juxtaposition is a process of showing two completely unrelated things and with the act of combining them the two create an entirely new and separate meaning. Imagine that you are shooting about students night life habits. The first shot is of a group of friends sitting a table talking and the second shot is of a bartender mixing a drink. Although the two shots are completely different if both shots were juxtaposed then that would lead the viewer to believe that the friends are there to have drinks.
Also some other well known montage specialists: Slavko Vorkapic [3]– Maytime (1937), Viva Villa (1934), The Good Earth (1937) and Romeo and Juliet (1936).
Donald Siegel (1933-1942)- Confessions of a Nazi Spy; Blues in the Night; Yankee Doodle Dandy; Casablanca; Knute Rockne, All American; Action in the North Atlantic; Gentleman Jim and They Drive By Night.
These are just some more recent examples of montage: Citizen Kane (1941), Slumdog Millionaire (2008), Rocky series, Dirty Dancing, Ghostbusters, The Lion King, Scarface, Bowling for Columbine, Good Morning Vietnam, Legally Blonde, The Abyss, Team America: World Police, etc . . .





"Soviet montage theory", Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 04 Sept.2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_montage_theory>.
"Montage Theory", Montage theory and editing. 04 Sept. 2009 <http://www.main-vision.com/richard/montage.html>.
"Montage (filmmaking)", Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 04 Sept. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montage(filmmaking)>.
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