Josh Rappaport’s The Hero’s Face is included in many discussions about hypertextHypertext and the advancement of hypertext while writing. George Landow talks about Rappaport’s work in an article called Is this Hypertext any good? Rappaport’s work The Hero’s Face, which is about the struggles of a rock band to become great in the business, is used for Landow to draw some conclusions. Landow states “one particular link transports one from adolescent Rock and Roll to an entirely different, and much unexpected, world of ancient epic”. Most of the story consists of lexias about the people in the band and the relationships among them. (Landow pg 8) Landow thinks that following the story eventually links the reader to the world of the Finnish epic, The Kalelava. Landow describes how following Rappaport’s link has several effects on the reader. First, readers will be transferred to a different time of myth and gods in a heroic age. The gods are engaged in a rock off with the rock groups. This single link in Hero’s Face, in other words, functions as a new form of both allusion and recontextualization. (Landow pg 9) Rappaport’s The Hero’s Face is one of the darker works that you would read involved with hypertext. It’s dark because of the context and the story. It is explained by Douglas Eyman that not all this story is fiction; Rappaport puts in things from ancient material and parts of his poetry among other things. Eyman states that the violent, realistic storyline of the story is at times disorienting, which landow likes and thinks it is crucial to the story. The current version is very rough and Eyman is awaiting the final version which he thinks will be much more fine in quality and should be something big.(Eyman pg1) Rappaport’s work has had a lot of impact on the hypertextHypertext community. Its dark storyline and links that take you for rides to other places have brought a new direction for this type of writing. The Hero’s Face opened up a new way to look at this hypertext thing and a new way to develop hypertext within your writing.
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brackett24 Muckraker
In the late 19th century people who were tired of the constant social injustice and political corruption decided to take a stand and blow the whistle. The term “Muckraker” was taken from the fictional character in John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress. The term Muckrakers was used to name the group of writers who called for reform. The writers directed their criticisms and arguments at certain businesses and organizations. They attacked the oil, beef, and tobacco industry for quality and long term effects of their products. They also blew the whistle on prison officials who allowed the conditions in prisons to be outlandishly bad. The food processing business was also under scrutiny from muckrakers. The handling of food, the contents and packaging were just some of the things the muckrakers attacked. Upton Sinclair’s book The Jungle was an example of muckraking against a food industry. The book produced a big shockwave in its time, helping to get the wheels in motion for the federal legislation regulating food and drug practices. Sinclair later became a Pulitzer Prize Winner for the piece.
Another famous example of muckraking is David Graham Phillip’s “The Treason of the Senate”, published in the Cosmopolitan in 1906. Phillips article brought political corruption to the public eye. This article was read by President Theodore Roosevelt and infuriated the president so much that he launched a crusade to put down the muckrakers. Many of the muckrakers were Roosevelt supporters, who criticized him harshly for deserting their cause. Roosevelt’s wrath over the article and combined efforts at muckraking later culminated in the adoption of the 17th amendment. Amendment 17 amends Article 1 Section 3 of the Constitution to provide for the direct election of Senators by the people of a state rather than their election or appointment by a state legislature, thus effectively eliminating state representation in Congress.
Muckraking was just the first examples of investigative journalism that proliferated in the 1960s and 1970s in the United States. The most famous example of this later investigative journalism is the





brackett24 Home Video
Home video has evolved thoroughly through the years as technology has become smarter. Since the 1970’s, families have brought more televisions to their households to further the enjoyment of watching TV. The average television per household has grown from 2 and below to now 2.8 in 2007. There has been a huge increase in reception with media companies making billions on direct costs (subscriptions and sales) or indirect costs (advertising). The advancements in technology have made home video more useful and enjoyable for the common user or the work related people who have an occupation that requires the freedom that home video gives.
In the 1970’s VCRs came into the consumer eye. This was a new idea and piece of technology. A machine that played video cassettes and also could record and playback. The record and playback function was the hit with VCRs. It spawned a court case where Universal sued Sony for the right to protect its content. Sony won the case because the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the VCR’s record and playback capability was a function.
The video editing aspect of home video cameras and computers has been a new craze in the home video field. People can now put a video through their own customization and create home videos for the family. Using editing and graphics the user can really grab a hold of the art and customization process to create the perfect home video for their memories. DVR’s or Digital Video Recorders have also become big in the home video field. In late 2007, 17.3% of U.S. Households were using DVR’s. Carmel Group predicts that number will rise to 50% by 2010 and the revenue from that will rise from 1.1 Billion to 5.5 Billion. The further advancements in home video have also made some areas suffer.
DVD sales have suffered with the new trend of online sales. Mail subscriptions have helped DVD sales as it has cut the effort and trouble out to the process. DVD players are now common and have helped to decrease the DVD rental business. In the early 1990’s, DVD’s were introduced and in 1997, the DVD player was introduced. The DVD player was a huge technological advancement for the home video world. The DVD player was much more popular than the VCR that had been around for a number of years. DVD’s were the new thing, so the player was the next logical step. Blu Ray has now come to the forefront as the next big thing. Blu Ray is the name of a next generation optical disk format that is able to rewrite, record, and playback of High Definition programming, as well as storage of these programs. The Blu Ray players have also increased profit for the home video field, with its new look and stated higher quality picture and movie watching capability it has been a favorite piece of hardware to buy for most citizens




brackett24 Politics and the Internet
Politics and technology has evolved to a new standard in this day and age. The aspect of politics on the web has made debating and campaigning huge. Candidates for high political positions have used the internet to post their feelings about certain things. The issues they are against and support are in full view on their websites or any political site. The issues that the candidates are debating are therefore debated by the people and web surfers. Politics has become huge on the web, allowing cynics and doubters to contradict and argue every issue that is proposed on the web. The internets is used for people to let their feelings known as well as inform the people about their plans and stances on issues. The web has become the main information setting for politics; you just go to his or her website or read their comments or views on any political website. Television shows that revolve around politics, like Hardball or Crossfire, now have a website and blogs to vent about the topics on the show. The blogs are written by a tech person from the show and revolves around the same topic and opinions on the topic. The internet has totally reshaped politics around society, the web has formed a new awareness and dislike for politicians in the United States. The politicians have shown a new advancement in their web savvy as they use the internet for info, blogging and their issues. I believe that politicians still view the internet as foreign ground; some dislike the web because of the constant rumors and falsities that stir up on the web by people against their beliefs or party.