The technical elements of TV
The elements were created in the 1880’s, and broadcast trials grabbed public interest in the 1920’s and 30’s. Soon after that the National Television Systems Committee set the technical standards for television. TV may have been more advanced earlier, but WWII put television at a standstill for five years. After the war, better cameras and technologies were developed. Soon enough the FCC had to put a “freeze” on new stations because there weren’t enough channels to serve all the cities. The freeze ended in 1952.
The late 1940’s and 50’s were known as “The Golden Age.” Anthologies were very popular in this age. During the Golden Age, anthologie gave a huge boost to careers for writers and actors. In 1948 the first regularly scheduled news program was on NBC. Ratings and audience shifts killed “The Golden Age.” In 1961 Newton Minow called American television a “vast wasteland.”In 1975 the FCC pressured the networks to institute the Family Viewing Hour in an effort to clean up TV. The FCC reversed its ban on urban cable in 1975. Also in 1975 the first home videocassette recorders appeared. In 1987 Australian media magnet magnate Rupert Murdoch created Fox television. In 1996 the Information Age occurred. The Telecommunications Act of 1996 relaxed media ownership and cable and broadcast finally merged. Finally in 2009 the transition to digital TV in the United States was accomplished. With this act, congress attempted to build a regulatory framework for the switch from monopoly provision to competitive provision of the telecommunications services.