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HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
HTML or hypertext markup language is the standard for formatting text and pictures with in a website. HTML is a code embedded within each web page that directs what the viewer sees. It is the predominant text based code used today to format web pages. (1)

The invention of HTML can partially be credited to Physicists Tim Berners-Lee, who in 1989 submitted his proposal of a markup language to CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research). He along with Robert Calliau helped create HTML with their joint ideas and proposals. From the initial proposal HTML underwent multiple changes and upgrades. Until in 1997 HTML underwent internatiolization, the process in which HTML was adapted into multiple regions and languages. From this point HTML has undergone multiple version upgrades. HTML has gone from the initial version of 2.0 which was internationalized in 1997 to XHTML 5, which started in 2004. The upgraded versions are created to help accommodate features such as audio and video scripting on pages. (2)

A web page contains two parts of text, the HTML code which is normally hidden from the viewer, and the part that is meant to be seen by the viewer. The HTML code allows viewers to see a website that is more pleasing and easier to navigate through. HTML allows authors to make text in different font sizes, colors, and alignments. These are a few examples that pertain to font size, color, and other aspects. </small> </i> </b> </big> </font> The author uses values within each code to create the font size, color, or any other attribute on the web page. It also allows for pictures and other items to be placed on the page in certain areas as specified by the author. However, more commonly todaysoftware such as Adobe Dreamweaver allows authors to cut out the step of writing all the values for a webpage. Dreamweaver automatically creates the markup language and values, making it easier for pages to be published The HTML code can be accessed on web pages by going to the toolbar at the top of the browser, and going to view>page source.

A key part to HTML is the link. The link allows for users to easily navigate from one page to another. The link is embedded with the Universal Resource Locator (URL) of a new webpage. When the link is clicked it automatically takes you to another webpage. George P. Landow describes the link as the defining role for hypertext.(3)




html_ex.jpg
Example of HTML





1.- Landow, George P.. "Hypertext as Collage-Writing."

2.- "HTML." Wikipedia.org. Web.4 Sep 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Html>.

3.- [[Storey, Philip. "Hypertext Markup Languange (HTML)." Encarta Enycyclopedia. Web.4 Sep 2009. <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761580683/Hypertext_Markup_Language_(HTML).html>.|Storey, Philip. "Hypertext Markup Languange (HTML)." Encarta Enycyclopedia. Web.4 Sep 2009. <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761580683/Hypertext_Markup_Language_(HTML).html>. ]]