Grassroots
Digital Storytelling
Development
Uses
References
Grassroots
Grassroots is a term given to a movement that is driven mainly by the politics of a particular community. The term suggests that the community is natural and more local than the more distant and disconnected higher powers. Grassroots movements are typically used in reference to politics when a small group volunteers time and effort to support a larger national political party (1).


Digital Storytelling

Digital Storytelling is a somewhat new term that emerged from a grassroots movement that uses new digital tools to help ordinary people tell their own stories in a compelling and emotionally engaging form. These stories usually take the form of a relatively short story and can involve interactivity. Digital Storytelling is growing and emerging as a way for different grassroots communities to share their stories and allow others to begin participating. While the term Digital Storytelling has been used to describe a wide variety of new media practices, what best describes the approach is its emphasis on first-person narrative, meaningful workshop processes, and participatory production methods (2).


Development

Digital Storytelling has been an emerging term since some of the first short narrated films came out. One of the first was by Dana Atchley at the American Film Institute in 1993 that was adapted and refined by Joe Lambert in the mid-1990's into a method of training promoted by the San Francisco Bay Area-based Center for Digital Storytelling (3). The Center for Digital Storytellingis an international not-for-profit community arts organization rooted in the craft of personal storytelling. We assist youth and adults around the world in using media tools to share, record, and value stories from their lives, in ways that promote artistic expression, health and well being, and justice (3).


Uses

Grassroots Digital Storytelling has been integrated into public broadcasting by the BBC's Capture Wales project. The following year a similar project was launched by the BBC in England called Telling Lives. Swedish Educational Media company UR created Room for Storytelling, Netherlands Educational TV Tealac-NOT created a program with youth in Amsterdam. KQED, Rocky Mountain PBS, WETA and other public television stations in the US have developed projects(3).
The Center for Digital Storytelling model has been adopted in education, especially in the US, where some practitioners use it as a method of building engagement and multimedia literacy. For example, the Bay Area Video Coalition employs digital storytelling as a means of engaging and empowering at-risk youth(3).


References

1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grassroots#cite_ref-Beveridge_0-0
2. http://www.storycenter.org/index1.html
3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_storytelling