GEORGE P. LANDOW



George P. Landow, a Professor of English and Art History at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, is also considered a pioneer in electronic media and digital technology, specifically electronic literature, hypertext and hypermedia. Before Landow’s achievements in this field, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree (1961) and Ph. D. (1962) from Princeton University, a Master of Arts from Brandeis University (1966), and finally was a postgraduate student in art history at Brown University from 1975-1976. (1)

The term, “hypertext” was originally coined by Theodor H. Nelson and by his definition means, “non-sequential writing-text that branches and allows choices to the reader, best read at an interactive screen… text composed of blocks of text and the electronic links that join them”. (2) Landow, after much research, creative thinking, and pioneering in this field, has come to think of the terms “hypertext” and “hypermedia” as interchangeable. (2)

Landow’s strong education has lead him to become one of the leading authors, critical thinkers, and researchers of hypertext and hypermedia. Some of his published printed works on hypertext and digital culture include, “Hypermedia and Literary Studies” (3), “The Digital Word: Text-Based Computing in the Humanities” (4), “Hypertext: The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology” (5), “Hypertext 2.0”, “Hypertext 3.0: New Media and Critical Theory in an Era of Globalization” (6), and “Hypertext in Hypertext”. (7) Other than written published works, Landow is also the founder and current master of the online websites, “The Victorian Web”, “The Contemporary, Postcolonial and Postimperial Literature in English Web”, and “The Cyberspace, Hypertext, and Critical Theory Web”. (7) Although Landow has written and published a number of works, his most important works focus on the knowledge of the difference and migration between written works (closed systems of authorial publication) and other works such as hypertextand hypermedia (open systems of authorial publication).


FOOTNOTES:
(1) “George P. Landow: Education.” Victorian Web Home. 9 June 2009. 3 Sep 2009. http://www.victorianweb.org/cv/education.html.
(2) Landow, George. “The Definition of Hypertext and Its History as a Concept.” 1992. 3 Sep 2009. http://www.cyberartsweb.org/cpace/ht/jhup/history.html#1.
(3) "Hypermedia and Literary Studies." Web. 14 Sep 2009. http://www.victorianweb.org/cv/Books/hypermed.html
(4) "The Digital Word." Web. 14 Sep 2009. http://www.victorianweb.org/cv/Books/dw.html
(5) "Hypertext: The Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology." Web. 14 Sep 2009. http://www.cyberartsweb.org/cpace/ht/jhup/contents2.html
(6) "Hypertext 3.0." The John Hopkins University Press. Web. 14 Sep 2009. http://jhupbooks.press.jhu.edu/ecom/MasterServlet/GetItemDetailsHandler?iN=9780801882579&qty=1&viewMode=3&loggedIN=false&JavaScript=y
(7) “George P. Landow: A Brief Biography.” Victorian Web Home. 9 June 2009. 3 Sep 2009. http://www.victorianweb.org/cv/gplbio.html.