Cubism is an art movement that started in the 20th century that lasted from 1907-1914. Cubism can best be described as showing an object from many different angles at one time, creating an abstract piece of art. The object is broken up and then reassembled in a new perspective. Cubism can also show a scene at different times a day and different lighting all at the same time.

Many people believe that Cubist movement was started by, world famous Spanish painter, __Pablo Picasso__ . However what many people do not know is that the movement was inspired by a French painter by the name of __Paul Cezanne__ who told Picasso to treat nature “in terms of the cylinder, the sphere, or the cone.” Picasso was inspired by this new perspective and began to look at nature in a new light. The other founder of Cubism was a French painter by the name of __Georges Braque__. Picasso and Braque worked together and lead the new and revolutionary art movement of Cubism. Although the art movement was short lived, it changed art forever and put Picasso and Braque on the map.

The phrase Cubism was given to the movement by a French art critic, __Louis Vauxcells__ . He was shown one of the painting by Braque and described it as having lots of "bizzare little cubes"


Cubism can be broken down into two sub-movements, Analytical Cubism and Synthetic Cubism.

Analytic Cubsim is the first of the two sub-movements. Analytic cubist broke down objects into two demensional planes and their most basic geometric form. Also Analytic Cubism used very little color, mostly greys and blues. During this early stage of Cubism, Picasso's and Braque's works were very similar although Picasso was more widely known. Analytic Cubism was much more simple that Synthetic Cubism. The last of the two sub-movements, Synthetic Cubism, introduced various textures, surfaces, levels, __collages__ , and subject matters in one painting.